Fundamental environmental factors for good tomato trellising

Good tomato trellising involves ensuring that these factors are in place to generate the best yield for growers. First, sunlight is one of the main factors for excellent tomato trellising. The fact that tomatoes are a long-day plant makes sunlight critical to their development. Tomatoes require at least six hours of light daily to flower successfully. However, too much sunlight can cause an increase in ambient temperature, which does not contribute to an excellent product. Therefore, growers should try to avoid excess light by building structures such as trellises or shelters. Another factor to take into account is the irrigation system. Irrigation is a key point for the good development of tomatoes. Contrary to sunlight, overwatering can be dangerous even for these plants, so it must be closely monitored to ensure the health of the tomato.

The most recommended irrigation systems for areas with high humidity are subway systems, while sprinkler irrigation systems are recommended for drier surfaces. Temperature is also a crucial factor for good tomato trellising. These plants need temperatures between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius for best performance. When temperatures rise and fall sharply, the plants face a lot of problems, and may even die. For this reason, measures should be taken to control temperature, such as placing greenhouses under canvas to retain heat around the plants. Soil is key to good tomato trellising. These plants need soil with a pH between 6 and 6.5 and rich in nutrients. Loamy, porous soil is best for maintaining pH balance and allowing the plant to breathe. In addition, growers should ensure that the soil is very rich in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.

Adding organic fertilizers

The addition of organic fertilizers to the soil is recommended to ensure better yields. Environmental factors are fundamental for good tomato trellising. Sunlight provided in a controlled manner, irrigation system, temperature and adequate soil are essential elements for the successful development and harvest of this vegetable. In this way, it is possible to guarantee not only an excellent yield, but also the best quality production. Extreme weather has an enormous influence on tomato crop yield and productivity. Winter storms, winds and extreme drought contribute to the reduction of tomato yield and quality. Very cold weather conditions affect seed germination; excessive irrigation causes fruit drop according to size, resulting in reduced yield; and high temperature contributes to crop segregation, making industrial processing difficult. Abnormal changes in climate also affect the appearance of pests that, if not immediately controlled, can completely destroy crops.

Most pests are more damaging in extreme climates, since these conditions allow them to adapt and gain access to the crop more easily.  Strong winds, especially tornadoes and hurricanes, also affect tomato crops, pulling fruit prematurely from the trees, displacing water cells from the roots to the surface, causing the fruit to fall. Another important climate-related factor to consider is light exposure, which significantly influences tomato flavor and appearance. Very high or low light intensities can affect fruit formation and can cause wilting. Excessive UV exposure can cause blackening and subsequent discarding.  In addition, excessive rainfall affects the growth and development of tomatoes, causing stains and discoloration, which devalues the quality of the product, in addition to altering the balance between nutrients and harvest.

Care of a tomato crop with trellising netting in extreme climates

The trellising net is an insured insurance for your tomato crop. It helps preserve quality and care for the nutritional value of the fruit, increasing yield and production. This netting works like a sensitive human fabric, providing uniform coverage for tomatoes. This lightweight synthetic netting not only helps protect your tomato crops from damaging weather effects, but can also react nimbly to weather changes and limit fruit damage from excessive rainfall. However, trellising netting is only one important part of caring for a tomato crop. If you want to ensure satisfactory results, you must follow the proper steps to maintain good tomato crop care with trellising netting.

Let’s get started!

1. Select the best places to place your tomato crops.

  The best location for your crop will be an area where the sun shines directly every day and the temperature remains constant throughout the course of the day. Sunlight is critical for the development of ripe, healthy tomatoes.

2. Plant your tomato crops in wide open areas.

  Trellising netting can be effective in buffering weather extremes, but its benefit is not the same if tomatoes are too close to each other. Make sure planted tomatoes are spaced properly, so they can be properly nourished.

3. Establish the trellising netting before planting tomato crops.

  This is a very important step in caring for your tomato crops. The trellising netting provides additional physical protection against moisture caused by excessive rainfall, strong and volatile winds and excessive sunshine.

4. Water tomatoes regularly.   Tomatoes are a plant that requires an abundant water supply. Be sure to water them daily so they can be adequately nourished. Note the time and level of water administered, so you can ensure even watering.

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